Physiological characterization of SUB1 trait in rice under subsequent submergence and re-aeration with interaction of chemical elicitors
In the present study, the sensitivity of two chemical elicitors: polyamine (PA) and salicylic (SA) acid were exercised for submergence sensitivity in Swarna Sub1A rice variety. Under 5 days of submergence, the antioxidation responses were more distinguished in plants against control. Along with the anti-oxidation modules, significant changes in biomolecule loss were registered through lipid and protein oxidation by 1.91 and 1.46 -fold respectively. PA and SA treated plants were the reliever to recover the membrane potential. Total carbohydrate and reducing sugars were varied under submergence by down regulation of 36.66 and 44.44% as compared to control. This was also supported by regulation of α-amylase activity under submergence that also recovered significantly with PA and SA treatments against submergence. In association with carbohydrate metabolism, Under submergence Swarna Sub1A recorded to be prone with oxidative stress through O2.- (1.55 fold) and peroxide (1.70-fold) over-accumulation but recovered as PA and SA applied. In both cases, sustenance of non-enzymatic anti-oxidant like total carotenoid and lycopene content were also contributory through down-regulation. The enzymatic anti-oxidation paths like SOD, GPX, CAT and GR were regulated by 11.11, 19.54, 13.65, 10.03% declined respectively and thoroughly discussed with reference to PA and SA interactions.
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