Growth and Reproductive Behaviour of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as Influenced by Supplemental Application of Nitrogen, Irrigation and Hormone

  • Indrajit Roy Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
  • Parimal Kanti Biswas Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
  • Md. Hazrat Ali Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
  • Md. Nazmul Haque Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2956-8324
  • Khursheda Parvin Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

Abstract

The experiment was conducted during the period from 11 December, 2012 to 30 March 2013 to study the effect of supplementary nitrogen, irrigation and hormones on flower droppings, growth and reproductive behaviour of chickpea. Statistically significant variation was recorded for different growth and reproductive parameters. Results showed that BARI chola 9 gave the highest plant height, number of branches plant-1, dry matter content plant-1, pod remaining, pod length, seed yield and the lowest flower dropping, pod dropping, total dropping. Among the supplemental treatments, the highest plant height, number of branches plant-1, dry matter content plant-1, pod remaining, pod length, seed yield and the lowest flower dropping, pod dropping, total dropping were found from supplemental irrigation + aqueous N before flowering. In case of treatment combination, the highest plant height (39.31 cm), number of branches plant-1 (6.53), dry matter content plant-1 (7.02 g), pod remaining (39.67 %), pod length (1.96 cm), seed yield (1.94 t ha-1) and the lowest flower dropping (57.27 %), pod dropping (3.07 %), total dropping (60.33 %) was recorded from BARI chola 9 with supplemental irrigation + aqueous N before flowering.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Indrajit Roy, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

Parimal Kanti Biswas, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
Md. Hazrat Ali, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
Professor, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh
Md. Nazmul Haque, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

MS in Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

Khursheda Parvin, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

Assistant Professor, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Bangla Agricultural University, Sher-e-Bangla Nagar, Dhaka-1207, Bangladesh

References

Ayallew, D., and R. A. Tabbada. 1987. Influence of soil moisture levels on the growth and development of the mungbean plant (Vigna radiata L.). Nat Appl Sci Bull 39(4): 273-280.
Aziz, M. A., M. A. Khan, and S. Shah. 1960. Causes of low setting of seed in gram (Cicer arietinum). Agric Pak 11(1): 37-48.
BARC. 2005. Fertilizer Recommendation Guide. Bangladesh Agriculture Research Council, Farmgate, Dhaka, p. 219.
BBS (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics). 2010. Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics of Bangladesh. Planning Division. Ministry of Planning. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh. Dhaka, pp. 54-111.
Bicer, B. T., A. N. Kalender, and D. Sakar. 2004. The effect of irrigation on spring-sown chickpea. J Agron 3(3): 154-158.
Deolankar, K. P. 2005. Effect of fertigation on growth and yield of chickpea. J Maharashtra Agric Univ 30(2): 170-172.
Dharmender, K., K. D. Hujar, R Paliwal, and D. Kumar. 1996. Yield and yield attributes of chickpea as influenced by GA3 and NAA. Crop Res Hisar 12(1): 120-122.
Eid, S. M. M., H. H. Abbas, and F. A. Abu-Sedra. 1991. Effect of GA foliar spray on plant growth, chemical composition, flowering, pod yield and chemical composition of green seeds for pea plants grown under salinity stress. Annu Agric Sci, Moshtohor (Egypt) 30: 1443-1458.
Fallah, S., P. Ehsanzadeh, and M. Daneshvar. 2005. Grain yield and yield components in three chickpea genotypes under dryland conditions with and without supplementary irrigation at different plant densities in Khorram-Abad, Lorestan. Iranian J Agric Sci 36(3): 719-731.
FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations). 2010. Agricultural production year book/ or http://faostat.fao.org.
Freed, D. R. 1986. MSTAT-C programme. Crop and Soil Science Department. Michigan State Univ, USA.
Golldani, A., and P. R. Moghaddam. 2006. Effect of different irrigation levels on phenology, physiology characteristics, and yield components of three chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) cultivars in Mashhad. Agric Sci Technol 20(3): 21-32.
Gomez, K. A., and A. A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical procedures for Agricultural Research. Jhon Wiley and Sons, New York.
Hafiz, S. I. 2000. Response of three chickpea cultivars to late foliar spraying with urea as a supplement for early soil applied nitrogen in sandy soils. Annu Agric Sci 38(1): 31-46.
Iqbal, H. F., A. Tahir, M. N. Khalid, I. Haq, and A. N. Ahmad. 2001. Response of chickpea growth towards foliar application of Gibberellic acid at different growth stages. Pak J Biol Sci 4(4): 433-434.
Junttila, O. 1992. Gibberellin and elongation growth. Nordisk Jordbruksforskning 74: 74.
Kang, S., B. A. McKenzie and G. D. Hill. 2008. Effect of irrigation on growth and yield of Kabuli chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) and narrow-leafed lupin (Lupinus angustifolius L.). Agron New Zealand 38: 11-32.
Kumar, S., B. R. T Singh, and R. C. Tyagi. 1995. Effect of irrigation on growth parameters of lentil (Lens culinaris L.). In: Field Crop Abstr 48(5): 428-29.
Mansoor, M. 2007. Evaluation of various agronomic management practices for increased productivity of mungbean (Vigna radiata L.). Ph. D. Thesis, Dept of Agron, Faculty of Agric, Gomal Univ, Dera Islam Khan.
Miah, M. G., O. Hirota, and J. Chikushi. 1991. Influence of water status, photosynthesis rate and plant growth under different temperatures and water regimes during pod formation phase of mungbean (Vigna radiata). J Faculty Agric Kyushu Univ 41(1): 17-28.
Mohammadi, G., K. G. Golezani, A. Javanshir, and M. Moghaddam. 2006. The influence of water limitation on the yield of three chickpea cultivars. JWSS-Isfahan Univ Technol 10(2): 109-120.
Mukesh, K. 2006. Impact of the starter doses of nitrogen on nodulation, yield and yield attributes of chickpea under irrigated conditions. Int J Agric Sci 2(1): 253-255.
Mukherjee, D., and R. K. Singh. 2005. Influence of weed flora density on yield of chickpea cultivars. Indian J Pulses Res 18(2): 222.
Nayyar, H., S. Singh, S. Kaur, S. Kumar, and H. D. Upadhyaya. 2006. Differential sensitivity of macrocarpa and microcarpa types of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) to water stress: association of contrasting stress response with oxidative injury. J Integr Plant Biol 48(11): 1318-1329.
Ozgun, O. S., B. T. Bicer, and D. Sakar. 2004. Agronomic and morphological characters of chickpea under irrigated conditions in Turkey. Int J Agric Biol 6(4): 606-610.
Palta, J. A., A. S. Nandwal, K. Sunita, and N. C. Turner. 2005. Foliar nitrogen applications increase the seed yield and protein content in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) subject to terminal drought. Aust J Agric Res 56(2): 105-112.
Patel, R. G., M. P. Palel, H. C. Palel, and R. B. Palel. 1984. Effect of graded levels of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth, yield and economics of summer mungbean. Indian J Agron 29(3): 42-44.
Patil, A. A., S. M. Maniur, and U. G. Nalwadi. 1987. Effect GA3 and NAA on growth and yield of pulses. South Indian Hortic 35(5): 393-394.
Sadeghipour, O. and P. Aghaei. 2012. Comparison of autumn and spring sowing on performance of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) varieties. Int J Biosci 2(6): 49-58.
Saraf, C. S., B. Baldev, M. Ali, and S. N. Slim. 1990. Improved cropping systems and alternative cropping practices, pp. 105-108. In: chickpea in the nineties: Proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Chickpea Improvement, ICRISAT Center, India Patencheru, A, pp. 502-524.
Singh, S. 2002. Studies on the modification of microclimate in chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) through the ecological manipulations. M. Sc. Thesis, P. A. U., Ludhiana, India.
Singh, S., J. S. Deol, and A. S. Brar. 2014. Growth and yield of kabuli gram (Cicer arietinum L.) as influenced by plant growth regulation and sowing time. Crop Res 48(1, 2 & 3): 32-37.
Solaiman, A. R. M., D. Hossain, and M. G. Rabbani. 2007. Influence of rhizobium inoculant and mineral nitrogen on some chickpea varieties. Bangladesh J Microbiol 24(2): 146-150.
Published
2016-01-18
How to Cite
ROY, Indrajit et al. Growth and Reproductive Behaviour of Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) as Influenced by Supplemental Application of Nitrogen, Irrigation and Hormone. Plant Science Today, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 1, p. 30-40, jan. 2016. ISSN 2348-1900. Available at: <http://horizonepublishing.com/journals/index.php/PST/article/view/176>. Date accessed: 18 nov. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.14719/pst.2016.3.1.176.
Section
Special Section: Soil amendments and crop productivity

Keywords

Cicer arietinum L.; hormone; irrigation; nitrogen; seed yield